Kiasma presents major retrospective exhibition of work by Markus Copper 

The subjects of artist Markus Copper’s work can be found in collective traumas, such as the sinking of the passenger ferry Estonia or that of the nuclear submarine Kursk. Opening on 11 November 2022, the retrospective showcases Copper’s exceptional art and his worldview with a selection of work of unprecedented variety and depth. Diving into the culture of collective trauma and the human tragedies of our time, the exhibition comprises works that were completed between 1995 and 2019.

Artist Markus Copper (1968–2019) is best known for his large, spatially dominating works that feature sounds, mechanical movement or light. Many of his works are commentary on human behaviour, morality and mindscape.

The exhibition is curated by museum director Leevi Haapala and curator Jari-Pekka Vanhala from Kiasma. The exhibition will be accompanied by the publication of a lavishly illustrated book on Markus Copper’s art, produced in collaboration with Parvs Publishing Company. The book offers fresh perspectives on the artist’s work by several authors.

Metaphors and a sense of danger

Copper was a socially engaged artist whose work explored disasters through metaphor. The large works Estonia (2006) and Kursk (2004) encapsulate the collective dread generated by the sinking of the passenger ferry Estonia and that of the nuclear submarine Kursk. Constructed of leather jackets and a rowboat, the mechanical installation Whaling Station (2009) reacts to motion by performing a movement that evokes the skinning of a whale.

“Markus Copper wanted his dramatic sculptures to highlight the forces that govern life, the constant tension between destruction and creativity, the fact that art can explore the darkest aspects of life and society on a symbolic level. The sense of threat in his works evokes turning points, the fragility of life, fractures and transience,” says Haapala.

Especially in the early stages of his career, Copper sought to impart a sense of threat to his work, and some of his early pieces even involved a dimension of actual danger. A case in point is Sixpack of Instant Death (1995), which consisted of six sculptural objects that Copper gave to his friends. The objects were designed to explode when linked together. In 2020, the police tracked down the work’s missing components, which have since been rendered harmless.

Iconic pieces and unknown works

The exhibition also includes Copper’s best-known work, a whale sculpture entitled Archangel of Seven Seas (1998). Part of the Kiasma collection today, the iconic piece is one of the museum’s most cherished artworks. A key component of the work is a set of organ pipes from the church of Kotka that play a low, rumbling “whale song”.

Many of Copper’s works have been dismantled or lost. They are presented in the exhibition in the form of drawings, sketches and documentary material. With the help of the artist’s family and friends, Kiasma has succeeded in recovering and partly conserving several works, including the sculptures Whaling Station (2006), South Pacific Execution (2007) and The Khyber Pass (2014), as well as a variation of the sculpture Circle of Brothers (2011–2012). These are all now accessioned to the collection of the Finnish National Gallery.

Copper was also a prolific and skilful draughtsman. The show includes several of his drawings from various museum collections, including his last suite, Roadside Picnic (2019), which is part of the Kiasma collection.

Also included in the show are rarely screened video documentaries about the artist from the 1990s.


Jari-Pekka Vanhala, curator, + 358 294 500 517,

Kiasma Communications
Piia Laita,, + 358 294 500 507 or Reetta Haarajoki,, + 358 50 47 86 861

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